If the biggest fear you had during the Christmas dinner is that someone began to smell or taste no more, among the symptoms of Covid-19 most widespread ever, perhaps it is appropriate to clarify what needs to be done in case of contact with a positive virus. In the coming days, the New Year celebrations could cause further damage to those already done during the Christmas celebrations, for a January 2022 marked by millions of quarantines. Currently they have toasted in isolation about 2 millions of Italians, “which in the next few weeks could become up to 10 million”, as predicted by the head physician of San Martino in Genoa Matteo Bassetti. And also the virologist himself Fabrizio Pregliasco, “Considering how many people vaccinated today, but with young children, are forced to quarantine home for contacts with positives”, provides a lockdown generalized «if different modalities suitable for the diffusivity of Omicron“. Pending further directives from the government, what to do now if you realize you have had contact with a positive? How to proceed if on the contrary we were to be the positives?
We talk about contact with positive if:
exposure to a probable (because symptomatic) or confirmed (by rapid or molecular swab) case of Covid-19 has been verified in the timeframe ranging from 48 hours before the onset of symptoms or diagnosis in case of asymptomaticity to the 14 days later (symptoms and / or diagnosis).
We speak of close contact if:
- if you live in the same house with the subject tested positive or symptomatic
- in the event that there has been contact with saliva, mucosa, droplets and secretions in general of the infected subject
- there were physical contacts in general
- if you have been in front of the positive’s face at less than 2 meters in conversation for at least 15 minutes
- if you have been in the same environment as the infected person without a mask, ventilation and spacing
We speak of non-close contact if:
- you have been in front of the infected person at less than 2 meters less than 15 minutes in a closed environment
- we traveled (by train, bus, tram, plane, etc.) with a positive more than two seats away
Quarantine for a contact is required when:
there was close contact and therefore there was a greater risk of contracting the virus. Unlike non-close contacts that do not need to isolate themselves immediately, but only that of carrying out a verification swab, close contact must quarantine immediately after knowing the positivity of a subject with whom he has spent time and in the conditions described above. . The first step to take in addition to staying at home is to notify your general practitioner who, in turn, will inform the competent ASL which will be responsible for officially arranging the quarantine or surveillance period.
How does it work
The period of isolation of close contact varies depending on its great protection and immunization from the virus.
- If close contact is vaccinated with two doses or, even better, with one dose booster the quarantine will last 7 days from the last exposure to the positive person.
- If the close contact is not vaccinated, the quarantine will last 10 days: isolation in the house without the possibility of receiving people
After the set period of time, an antigenic or molecular swab will be performed. Only a negative outcome will obviously put an end to isolation.
In case of positivity
If after 7 days (in case of close contact vaccinated) or 10 days (in case of unvaccinated) the swab will certify the positivity to the virus and therefore the contagion, you will have to remain isolated at home for another 10 days. The next process will depend heavily on the presence or absence of symptoms.
- If positive but asymptomatic, it will be possible to exit the isolation after 10 days and with a negative swab
- On the other hand, if positive with symptoms, it will be possible to exit the quarantine after 10 days from the onset of symptoms: the antigenic or molecular test that certifies the negativity of the subject must be carried out after at least 3 days passed without symptoms
If positive after 21 days
If even after the additional 10 days of quarantine, the swab still gives a positive result, the quarantine can end anyway. After 21 days of isolation you can leave the house even if positive but only in case of asymptomaticity for at least 7 days.
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How the quarantine works for positives and their close contacts and why 10 million risk ending up locked in the house – Open