Covid-19: the pandemic has caused the death of at least 5 million people worldwide

The Covid-19 pandemic has caused the death of more than five million people worldwide since the World Health Organization (WHO) reported the onset of the disease at the end of December 2019 in China, according to a count carried out by Agence France-Presse (AFP), Monday 1is November, from official reports.

This report, which takes into account the deaths recorded by the national health authorities, only represents a part of the deaths actually linked to the coronavirus. The WHO estimates that by considering the excess mortality directly and indirectly linked to Covid-19, the toll of the pandemic could be two to three times higher than that officially recorded.

The United States is the most bereaved country with nearly 747,000 dead, followed by Brazil (608,000), India (458,000), Mexico (288,000) and Russia (239,000).

While the number of daily deaths across the world has dropped, for the first time in nearly a year, below 8,000 at the beginning of October, the situation is disparate depending on the continent.

Hospital staff are caring for a patient with Covid-19, in Oryol, Russia, October 26, 2021.

“The total number of Covid-19 cases and deaths is increasing for the first time in two months, this is due to the current rise in the epidemic in Europe, which outweighs the decline observed in other regions of the world “, explained Thursday Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director general of the WHO, during a press conference.

In Europe, – 52 countries and territories ranging from the Atlantic coast to Russia -, where more than 1.4 million people have died from Covid-19, the increase in the number of deaths (24,353 in the last seven days, +13 % compared to the previous week) is mainly due to the development of the situation in the east of the area. In Russia in particular, according to official figures, more than 1,000 people have died from Covid-19 every day on average since October 20.

And according to the authorities themselves, this record is largely underestimated. Daily reports show 239,693 deaths in the 1is November. But the national statistics agency Rosstat, which has a broader definition of Covid-19 deaths, deplored a much worse toll at the end of September: nearly 450,000 deaths.

Read also Covid-19: the pandemic is killing more and more people in Russia

The Kremlin has expressed concern about the overload of doctors treating Covid-19 patients in Russia, just as the most bereaved country in Europe has decreed a week “Non-working” to stop the spread of the virus.

After Russia, Ukraine and Romania are currently the two countries in Europe with the most daily deaths, with respectively 546 and 442 deaths per day on average over the last seven days.

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  • Latin America and the Caribbean, the most bereaved area

In the worst-affected region of the world in total death toll (over 1.52 million), the trend is currently downward, with 5% fewer deaths last week, compared to the previous seven days.

Among the countries that recorded more than 100 weekly deaths two weeks ago, those currently showing the greatest decline in the epidemic are Cuba (54 deaths in the last seven days, −56%), Costa Rica (83 deaths, −25%), Argentina (124 deaths, −23%) and Brazil (2,180 deaths, −8%), where President Jair Bolsonaro is the target of a damning parliamentary report on his management of the pandemic.

Read also In Brazil, parliamentary commission of inquiry into Covid-19 approves report recommending indictment of Bolsonaro

Conversely, the situation is deteriorating in Guatemala (394 deaths in the last seven days, + 6%) and in Colombia (214 deaths, + 6%).

  • Decline in North America

After a new epidemic outbreak in the summer, the death toll is currently decreasing in the United States, where 9,850 deaths have been recorded in the last seven days (−15% ​​over one week), as well as in Canada (222 death, −14%).

  • A stabilized situation in Asia

In Asia, China, the first country affected by the coronavirus from the end of 2019, is also the first country to have brought the epidemic under control in the spring of 2020, after the adoption of very restrictive measures, including the virtual closure of borders. Chinese authorities are now seeking to stem a limited epidemic outbreak, leading in particular to closing Disneyland on Monday in Shanghai after the detection of a single case of Covid-19 in a visitor to the leisure park.

India (3 917 deaths in the last seven days) sees its weekly toll weighed down by the revision of official data from a state in the southwest, which recorded a posteriori deaths that occurred from March 2020 to June 2021.

Read also Covid-19: why the number of cases is increasing sharply in Singapore, one of the most vaccinated countries

In the rest of Asia, the number of new deaths from Covid-19 is stable compared to the previous week. The situation is improving in several countries, such as Mongolia (74 deaths, −38%), Pakistan (72 deaths, −33%) and South Korea (83 deaths, −22%). The Philippines recorded an increase in deaths (1,379 deaths, + 23%).

  • In Africa, vaccination is struggling

With less than 200 deaths officially recorded each day on the continent, the death toll from Covid-19 has fallen by 9% in the past seven days compared to the previous week. Among the countries that recorded more than 100 deaths last week, only Egypt saw the situation worsen, with 366 deaths in seven days (+ 16% compared to the previous week).

On the contrary, several countries are seeing their weekly reports lighten, including Ethiopia (101 deaths in the last seven days, −28%), and South Africa (252 deaths, −19%) which benefited, Monday , local elections to inoculate doses in ephemeral clinics set up near polling stations.

The WHO warned last week that unless there is a significant acceleration, only five African countries (Seychelles, Mauritius, Morocco, Tunisia, Cape Verde) will reach the global target of 40% of the populations vaccinated by the end of the year. ‘year.

Read also Covid-19: Africa facing a risk of syringe shortage
  • In the Middle East, the toll is falling in Iran

In the Middle East, the pandemic is also on the decline, with 1,880 deaths over the past seven days, or 7% less than the previous week, mainly due to the decrease in the number of deaths in Iran (1,080 deaths from Covid-19 these last seven days, −6%).

  • Epidemic peak in Oceania

A moving reunion at Sydney Airport on November 1, 2021, after the borders reopened for the first time since March 20, 2020.

Oceania, although remaining the continent least affected by the pandemic, is currently experiencing an epidemic peak never seen before in the region, with 139 deaths in the last seven days. Australia, which reopened its borders almost 600 days after they were closed, has recorded 97 deaths in the past seven days, 8% fewer than the week before.

Read also Covid-19: Australia, Thailand and Israel reopen their borders

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Covid-19: the pandemic has caused the death of at least 5 million people worldwide