On November 1st, Veganism Day is celebrated worldwide, a date created in 1994 by Louise Wallis, then president of The Vegan Society, in England, on account of the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the organization and the creation of the terms vegan and veganism . Being vegan is a way of living excluding all forms of exploitation and cruelty to animals, whether in food, clothing or any other purpose.
“From junk food vegans to raw vegans – and everyone else in between – there is a version of veganism for all tastes. However, one thing we all have in common is a plant-based diet, free of all animal foods such as meat, dairy, eggs and honey, as well as products such as leather and any product tested on animals,” he says. the definition created by The Vegan Society, the oldest vegan entity in the world.
This lifestyle comes with two interesting ideas: one from the Greek philosopher Pythagoras, circa 500 years before Christ, who said that, “as long as man is ruthless with living creatures, he will never know health and peace. As long as men continue to slaughter animals, they will also continue to kill each other. In fact, whoever sows murder and pain cannot reap joy and love”; in the same period, Siddhārtha Gautama, the Buddha, talked with his followers about the importance of food free of animal ingredients. In this way, Pythagoras and Buddha are the first indications of an awareness of the preservation of animal life.
the greek philosopher Plutarch, in the 1st century, wrote “On the Consumption of Meat”. In the “First Speech”, he defines the human appetite for meat as a manifestation of lust. But it is from the 15th century onwards that various thinkers and artists saw in vegetarianism a means of contributing to animal and human liberation, since, by eating meat, the human being becomes a prisoner of himself, of his own inconsistencies, as Leonardo da Vinci and the French philosopher and humanist Michel de Montaigne questioned. In the 19th century, four British writers – Joseph Ritson, John Frank Newton, Percy Bysshe Shelley e William Lambe –, considered vegetarian activists and defenders of animal rights, are inspired by thinkers such as Pythagoras, Plutarch and John Milton, becoming the forerunners of today’s veganism.
In early November 1944, in London, they meet Donald Watson, secretary of Leicester Vegetarian Society, and five ethical vegetarians to discuss creating veganism, perfecting vegetarianism, with the aim of further benefiting animals and maintaining the vegan lifestyle as it is today.
Veganism in Brazil
In Brazil, the lifestyle is spread by journalist and poet Carlos Dias Fernandes, in the book “Animal Protection”, from 1914, later followed by the hygienist doctor Flavio Maroja. On January 26, 1917, the Brazilian Vegetarian Society, headquartered in Rio de Janeiro.
The myths of veganism
Many myths exist about veganism. Usually, people who adopt this lifestyle go through vegetarianism and adopt a very important control over their health, with inquiries periodicals by specialists in this diet. This is to ensure quality of life and guidance on countless natural and healthy foods, such as rice, beans, vegetables, vegetables, nuts, fruits, among others, avoiding anything that promotes animal suffering.
It should be noted that, in the last seven years, the vegetarian or vegan population has doubled. According to a survey by IBOPE, there are more than 29 million Brazilians concerned about new consumption habits, respect for the environment and a healthy way of life.
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World Veganism Day: learn the history of the movement